Farmers assess the impact on the primary industry, hydrologists compare groundwater levels, and sociologists define them by social expectations and perceptions.  The Council reaffirmed the principles of drought policy reform, which would allow farmers to move from crisis management to risk management and prevention. The principles are as follows: 2.30 The National Farmers` Federation argued that no appropriate substitute for the exceptional circumstances model had been introduced and had led to an ad hoc and inconsistent response to drought: 2.11 In 1989, the Commonwealth Government removed drought from the NDRA. Its elimination was caused by the fear that temporary assistance during droughts would not be appropriate and that drought declarations would be made either on an ad hoc basis or too quickly. The Commonwealth was also concerned about the high cost of managing drought aid and how some drought policies discriminated against farm managers preparing for dry spells. Concerns were also expressed that funds could be used for political purposes.  Farm Business Assessment Scheme – A government program that provides up to $10,000 in subsidies to drought-affected farms in Shires so that their activities can be evaluated by an external expert. 2.59 The Committee notes that drought is considered a recurrent natural disease and not a rare climate deviation, which requires a long-term strategic approach. It is clear that such an approach will enable land managers to implement autonomous approaches to risk management to mitigate and prepare for the lingering effects of drought. In any case, we want a natural disaster mechanism and a specific drought mechanism. We do not want it to be pooled with natural disasters. We are really concerned that, when combined with natural disasters, any aid to drought is simply the biggest cause in the larger region and does not really allow farmers to deal with something that is more frequent.
We want to think about what this drought aid would be. The Committee noted that a problem with the calculation of the capital ratio in most cases is that the calculation is made during drought years when funds are sought, and not over the years to “smooth” the impact of good and bad years, as stated in the NFF: 2.5 Similarly, Alan Burdon`s Parliament Research Service paper, Dry Paddocks, Damp Policies: Drought Assistance Strategies and their effectiveness, noted that the twentieth century began under one of the worst droughts since records began, just to be followed by six other extreme droughts. . . .